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Trade marks - Infringement - Comparative advertising - Arts 5(1), 5(2), Trade Marks Directive - Comparative Advertising Directive - Defence - Purely descriptive use of mark - Whether requirement that use of mark indispensible to make comparative advertisement effective
Trade Mark Infringement - s.10(3) Trade Marks Act 1994 - No likelihood of confusion - 'Link' - Whether unfair advantage or detriment to the repute of the mark - Whether 'free-riding' enough - Similarity between mark and sign not similarity between products.
Copyright - Infringement - Identity of infringer unknown to claimant - Identity known to third party - Order to disclose identity - Norwich Pharmacal Co and others v Customs & Excise Commissioners  AC 133
Contract - Parties - Agency - Copyright - Authorship - Performers' rights - ss.182A, 182B, Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 - Regulation 27, Copyright and Related Rights Regulations 1996 - Unjust enrichment - Settlement agreement - Enforcement of settlement agreement - Abuse of process - Estoppel, acquiescence and laches - Cause of action estoppel - Trust of a promise
Trade marks - Infringement - Defence - Trade Marks Act 1994, s.12 - Goods distributed within EEA with consent of owner - Competition law - EC Treaty, Art 81 - Anti-competitive agreements - Striking out