Mark v Associated Newspapers Limited

Reference: [2002] EWCA Civ 772; [2002] EMLR 839

Court: Court of Appeal

Judge: Simon Brown, Mummery & Dyson LJJ

Date of judgment: 30 May 2002

Summary: Defamation - Libel - Meaning - Repetition rule - Bane and antidote - Whether repetition rule consistent with ECHR Article 10 jurisprudence - Interface between defences of justification and Reynolds privilege

Download: Download this judgment

Appearances: Adrienne Page KC - Leading Counsel (Defendant)  Godwin Busuttil (Defendant) 

Instructing Solicitors: Reynolds Porter Chamberlain for the Defendant


The Blairs’ former nanny sued the Daily Mail in libel over an article which alleged that she had “misrepresented her position” when she denied that she had authorised the publication of material from a book she had written about her time with the Blairs. The judge struck the claim out, holding the article was not capable of being defamatory of her, on the basis that the ‘antidote’ in the article neutralised the defamatory ‘bane’.


Whether the article was capable of being defamatory of Miss Mark; in particular, whether the repetition rule had been applied correctly by the judge.


The Court of Appeal reversed the decision of the judge to strike out a libel claim by the Blairs’ former nanny against the Daily Mail, over an article concerning her proposed book. It rejected a submission that ECHR Article 10 jurisprudence supported the view that the article was not actionable because it was a balanced and neutral report of the claims and counterclaims of others.


Although the Court of Appeal itself has said that the courts must be prepared to cull sacred cows where the Human Rights Act requires it, they are wary of arguments rooted in ECHR jurisprudence, that the law of meaning must be modified: see Berezovsky v Michaels [2000] 1 WLR 1004. But the judgments indicate that the same cases as the Defendants relied on in this case may support modifications of the Reynolds qualified privilege defence.